K6 - Learning the Latent Heat Diffusion Process through Structural Brain Network from Longitudinal β-Amyloid Data

Md Asadullah Turja, Guorong Wu, Defu Yang, Martin Andreas Styner

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The excessive deposition of misfolded proteins such as amyloid-β~(Aβ) protein is an aging event underlying several neurodegenerative diseases. Mounting evidence shows that the spreading of neuropathological burden has a strong association to the white matter tracts in the brain which can be measured using diffusion-weighted imaging and tractography technologies. Most of the previous studies analyze the dynamic progression of amyloid using cross-sectional data which is not robust to the heterogeneous Aβ dynamics across the population. In this regard, we propose a graph neural network-based learning framework to capture the disease-related dynamics by tracking the spreading of amyloid across brain networks from the subject-specific longitudinal PET images. To learn from limited (2 – 3 timestamps) and noisy longitudinal data, we restrict the space of amyloid propagation patterns to a latent heat diffusion model which is constrained by the anatomical connectivity of the brain. Our experiments show that restricting the dynamics to be a heat diffusion mechanism helps to train a robust deep neural network for predicting future time points and classifying Alzheimer\'s disease brain.
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Friday 9th July
K1-9 (short): Learning with Noisy Labels and Limited Data - 16:45 - 17:30 (UTC+2)
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